Perennial/annual of varying hardiness. Also known as bee balm or Oswego. Gorgeous heavily-scented flowers on plant growing to about 2ft - best in moist soil with sun or partial shade. Our main variety is M didyma, a perennial with red flowers. Use flowers in pot pourri, leaves and flowers in tea - as drunk by native Americans - and in salads, particularly with an orange dressing. Spread chopped leaves on pork before grilling or roasting. Use flowers in summer drinks.
Bergamot Oswego tea:
Use 1.5 tbsp chopped fresh leaves in 3/4 pint/450ml boiling water.